# Best ratio for mixing concrete

Concrete is one of most essential building materials. It is used to make homes, low-rise buildings, high-rise buildings, commercial buildings, office buildings, apartments, industrial buildings, bridges, dams, channels, retaining walls, and reservoirs. We can only imagine any structure being built with concrete.

There are two types of concrete. plain cement concrete, or PCC, which is made by mixing cement, sand, aggregate, and water in the right amounts to get the strength you want; and reinforced cement concrete, or RCC, which is plain cement concrete with steel reinforcing. Rainforest cement concrete is plain cement concrete with steel reinforcing.

This article teaches us about the best mix ratio for concrete work, like pouring a roof slab, a column, or a beam for a home or a business. As we all know, the concrete mix ratio is based on how much weight is being put on the structure.

In residential buildings, the RCC ratio for making the concrete mix for floors, roof slabs, beams, footing, foundations, and columns is 1:2:3. In a typical RCC mix ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, two parts sand, and three parts aggregate, measured by volume, are mixed.

The ratio of cement to sand to aggregate in RCC M20 is 1:1.5:3. A typical RCC mix ratio is 1:1.5:3, which means that 1 part cement, 1.5 parts sand, and three parts aggregate by volume is mixed.

The ratio of cement to sand to aggregate in RCC M25 is 1:1:2. A typical RCC mix ratio is 1:1:2, which means that 1 part cement, 1 part sand, and two parts aggregate by volume are mixed.

**Best mix ratio for concrete**

Best mix ratio for concrete: It all depends on the type of structure, whether it’s plain cement concrete or reinforced cement concrete. The best mix ratio for concrete is 1: 2: 4, where 1 part cement, two parts fine aggregate or sand, and three parts coarse aggregate or sand. This is the safest best mix ratio for concrete or PCC for any building that doesn’t have steel.

If there are steel bars in the concrete or it is reinforced, the best mix ratio for RCC concrete is 1:1.5:3, which means that one part of the mix is cement, 1.5 parts are delicate aggregate or sand, and three parts are coarse aggregate or sand. This is the safest and best mix ratio for RCC concrete when building a house with steel.

In Pakistan, the best mix ratio for floors, roof slabs, beams, and columns made of concrete in residential buildings is 1:2:3. In a typical ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, two parts sand, and three parts aggregate, by volume, are mixed to make concrete.

**Best mix ratio for PCC**

In Pakistan, 1:4:8 is the best mix ratio for PCC flooring in homes. In a typical mix ratio of 1:4:8, 1 part cement, 4 parts sand, and 8 parts aggregate, measured by volume, are mixed.

**Best mix ratio for RCC**

In Pakistan, the best mix ratio for RCC used in residential buildings for the roof slab, beams, and columns is 1:2:3. In a typical ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate, by volume, are mixed to make concrete.

**Best concrete mix ratio for roof slab**

Best concrete mix ratio for roof slab: A roof slab is a horizontal RCC structure made of concrete with steel reinforcement that is used to cover the top of a house. Usually, a concrete mix ratio of 1: 2: 4, 1: 1.5: 3, or 1: 1: 2 (Cement, Sand, and Aggregate) is used to build a roof slab. However, the safest concrete mix ratio for a roof slab is 1: 1.5: 3, in which 1 part cement, 1.5 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate are mixed.

The typical ratio for a concrete slab is 1:2:3, which shows how much cement, sand, and aggregate are used in the mix. Based on a volumetric analysis, the numbers show how much of each material there is. For example, in a 1:2:3 slab concrete mix ratio, one part of cement is mixed with two pieces of sand and three parts of aggregate by volume. This is the best mix of concrete used on roof slabs in Pakistan.

A 1:2:3 mix ratio in Pakistan is best for RCC roof slabs on residential buildings. In a typical ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate, by volume, are mixed to make concrete.

**Best concrete mix ratio for Rcc beam**

The best mix ratio for an RCC beam is:- A beam is a horizontal load-bearing structural member made of concrete fiber used to hold up the weight of the roof slab and safely move all the weight to the column. Usually, concrete mix ratios of 1: 1.5: 3 or 1: 1: 2 (Cement, Sand, and Aggregate) are used to build RCC beams. However, in homes, the most common, safest, and best concrete mix ratio for RCC beams is 1: 1.5: 3 (Cement, Sand, and Aggregate), in which one part is cement, 1.5 parts are sand, and 3 parts are aggregated.

In Pakistan, 1:2:3 is the best concrete mix ratio for RCC beams in residential buildings. In a typical ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate, by volume, are mixed to make concrete.

**Best concrete mix ratio for rcc column**

Best concrete mix ratio for RCC column:- A column is a vertical load-bearing structure made of concrete fibers reinforced with steel to withstand the load acting on it. It safely transfers all loads to the bed of soil.

Most of the time, concrete mix ratios of 1: 1.5: 3 or 1: 1: 2 (Cement, Sand, and Aggregate) are used to build RCC columns. However, in homes, the most common, safest, and best concrete mix ratio for RCC columns is 1: 1: 2, with one part cement, sand, and two parts aggregate.

In India, a 1:2:3 ratio is the best way to mix concrete for RCC columns in residential buildings. In a typical ratio of 1:2:3, 1 part cement, 2 parts sand, and 3 parts aggregate, by volume, are mixed to make concrete.

## Concrete Grade Types

We talk about the different types of concrete grades based on how they are used. There are two types of concrete grades:

1) PCC (plain cement concrete)

2) RCC (reinforce cement concrete)

**PCC ( plain cement concrete)**

Plain cement concrete is a mix of cement, sand, and other materials mostly used for flooring and making different paths. PCC doesn’t use steel bars. Concrete that doesn’t use steel bars is called and used as PCC.

**RCC (Reinforced cement concrete)**

It is a mixture of cement, sand, and aggregate with steel bars. It is used to make beams, slabs, footings, columns, bridges, dams, and piles, among other things. RCC stands for reinforced concrete construction.

**Concrete grade types according to their mix**

**nominal mix concrete****design mix concrete**

** Nominal mix concrete :- I**t’s a simple type of concrete mix that’s used at home and to build low-rise buildings. M5, M10, M15, M20, and M25 are all used at home to create different kinds of houses and make foundations. The ratio of sand, cement, and aggregate in this grade of concrete is set.

So, it’s called nominal mix concrete. For example, the mix ratio for M20 grade concrete is about 1:1.5:3, with one part cement. 1.5 part is sand, and 3 part is aggregate.

**2) Design mix concrete**:

It is a standard type of concrete mix, and the ratio of cement, sand, and aggregate is decided by an expert engineer based on how strong the concrete needs to be for high-rise buildings, bridges, dams, and piles.

Engineers usually calculate and decide on the mix ratio based on how strong the building needs to be. So concrete for grades above M25, such as M30, M35, M40, M50, and so on, has no fixed mix ratio. This is why it is called “design mix concrete.”